Northern Ireland`s political parties in favour of the agreement were also invited to consider the establishment of an independent civil society advisory forum composed of members with expertise in the social, cultural, economic and other fields, appointed by both governments. A framework for the North-South Consultation Forum was agreed in 2002 and in 2006 the Northern Ireland Executive agreed that it would support its establishment. Many of its clauses have been deliberately kept vague. For example, there were no details on the methods or data that would allow armed groups to increase their weapons. This was called “constructive ambiguity”: more details risked refusing to register. However, all parties agreed to use “exclusively peaceful and democratic means”. The Northern Ireland Assembly was restored in 2007. Progress since the agreement has been sporadic and many disputes remain, but today`s Belfast is almost unrecognizable from the violent site of two or three decades ago. Decommissioning did not begin until 1999. After the Hillsborough Declaration of 1 April 1999, efforts to break the deadlock and propose a date for the withdrawal of paramilitary weapons failed. When the process stopped, the administration asked Senator George Mitchell to review the peace process. In his report, Mitchell concluded that “decentralization should take effect, then the executive should meet, and then the paramilitary groups should appoint their plenipotentiary representatives, all on the same day, in that order.” 1 Power was transferred to Northern Ireland, the executive was created and, on 2 December 1999, authorised representatives were appointed. In December, the Commission held separate talks with representatives of the IRA, the Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF), the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) and the Red Hand Commando (RHC).2 3.
The Assembly shall exercise full legislative and executive authority over matters which are currently within the competence of the six Ministries of Northern Ireland, with the possibility of assuming responsibility for other matters described elsewhere in this Agreement. (2) Each government shall hold a referendum on 22 May 1998. Subject to Parliament`s consent, a consultative referendum in Northern Ireland held under the conditions of Northern Ireland (participation in negotiations, etc.) The 1996 Act will address the following question: “Do you support the agreement reached at the all-party talks on Northern Ireland and set out in Command Document 3883?” The Irish Government will introduce and support in the Oireachtas a bill amending the Constitution as described in paragraph 2 of the Section “Constitutional Matters” and in Annex B as follows: (a) amend Articles 2 and 3 in accordance with Annex B, point 8.1, and (b) amend Article 29 so that the Government can ratify the new Anglo-Irish Agreement. Once passed by the Oireachtas, the Bill will be subject to a referendum. Under the proposed agreement, the government has published a number of financial and other commitments, as has the UK government. The Irish government`s commitments include working with the North-South Ministerial Council to implement projects that benefit people across the island, including improving connectivity in the north and south and investing in the North West region and border communities. The release of the prisoners continued in 1999. During the Christmas and New Year periods, 131 prisoners were granted extended leave in their homes. On December 16, 308 prisoners were released.1 However, with the release of high-level prisoners, public support for the release of prisoners declined, according to an opinion poll by the Belfast Telegraph.2 “The Good Friday Agreement – Prisoners,” BBC News, www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/agreement/policing/prisoner. The agreement came after many years of complex discussions, proposals and compromises.
Many people have made a great contribution. Tony Blair and Bertie Ahern were at the time leaders of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. The talks were led by US Special Envoy George Mitchell.  The Good Friday Agreement (GFA) or Belfast Agreement (Irish: Comhaontú aoine an chéasta or Comhaontú bhéal Feirste; Ulster-Scots: Guid Friday Greeance or Bilfawst Greeance) is a pair of agreements signed on 10 April 1998 that ended most of the violence of the Troubles, a political conflict in Northern Ireland that has followed since the late 1960s. This was an important development in the peace process in Northern Ireland in the 1990s. Northern Ireland`s current system of devolved government is based on the agreement. The Agreement also created a number of institutions between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland and between the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom. The possible return of a hard border between the two states was a constant sticking point during Brexit exit negotiations and eventually led to the Northern Ireland Protocol – a controversial deal that created an invisible border in the Irish Sea for some goods moving between Northern Ireland and Britain. Significant progress has been reported on demobilization and demilitarization: 26 base camps have been closed or demolished, the number of army patrols has decreased by a third, and more than 3,000 British troops have been demobilized or withdrawn.1 Despite this success, about 2,000 additional British troops have been sent to Northern Ireland to bolster security during the summer marches.2 A A copy of the agreement was sent to all the chambers of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland so that people could read it before a referendum was held when they were able to vote on it.
Over the past two decades, the peace process has finally managed to overcome the violence of the unrest. Since the conclusion of the Good Friday Agreement in 1998, it has been necessary to pursue a number of other political and legal agreements in order to consolidate the peace settlement provided for in the GFA. Both views were recognized as legitimate. For the first time, the Irish government has agreed in a binding international agreement that Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom.  The Irish Constitution has also been amended to implicitly recognise Northern Ireland as part of the sovereign territory of the United Kingdom, subject to the consent of the majority of the inhabitants of the island`s two jurisdictions to a united Ireland. On the other hand, the wording of the agreement reflects a shift in the legal focus on the UK from one for the Union to one for a united Ireland.  The agreement therefore left open the question of future sovereignty over Northern Ireland.  In addition to reaffirming the commitment to human rights in the Good Friday Agreement, the parties agreed to amend UK legislation to incorporate the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) from the Northern Ireland Act (1998).